Our Science

1. González-Alonso, José, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Paul R. Below, and Edward F. Coyle. “Dehydration Markedly Impairs Cardiovascular Function in Hyperthermic Endurance Athletes during Exercise.” Journal of Applied Physiology 82.4 (1997): 1229-236. Print.
2. Meyer, Flavia, Kimberly A. Volterman, Brian W. Timmons, and Boguslaw Wilk. “Fluid Balance and Dehydration in the Young Athlete.” American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 6.6 (2012): 489-501. Web.
3. Bar-Or, Oded. “The Young Athlete: Some Physiological Considerations.” Journal of Sports Sciences 13.Sup1 (1995): 531-33. Web.
4. Cleary, Michelle, Daniel Ruiz, Lindsey Eberman, Israel Mitchell, and Helen Binkley. “Dehydration, Cramping, and Exertional Rhabdomyolysis: A Case Report with Suggestions for Recovery.” Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 16.3 (2007): 244-59. Web.
5. Maughan, R.J. “Fluid and Electrolyte Loss and Replacement in Exercise*.” Journal of Sports Sciences 9.Sup1 (1991): 117-42. Web.


1. Melis, Gerdien C., Paul A. M. Van Leeuwen, B. Mary E. Von Blomberg-Van Der Flier, Andrea C. Goedhart-Hiddinga, Bernard M. J. Uitdehaag, Rob J. M. Strack Van Schijndel, P. I. J. M. Wuisman, and Marian A. E. Van Bokhorst-De Van Der Schueren. “A Carbohydrate-Rich Beverage Prior to Surgery Prevents Surgery-Induced Immunodepression: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial.” Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 30.1 (2006): 21-26. Web.
2. Pogatschnik, Cassandra, and Ezra Steiger. “Review of Preoperative Carbohydrate Loading.”Nutrition in Clinical Practice 30.5 (2015): 660-64. Web.
3. Varadhan, Krishna K., Keith R. Neal, Cornelius H.c. Dejong, Kenneth C.h. Fearon, Olle Ljungqvist, and Dileep N. Lobo. “The Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) Pathway for Patients Undergoing Major Elective Open Colorectal Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.” Clinical Nutrition 29.4 (2010): 434-40. Web.
4. Bilku, Dk, Ar Dennison, Tc Hall, Ms Metcalfe, and G. Garcea. “Role of Preoperative Carbohydrate Loading: A Systematic Review.” The Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 96.1 (2014): 15-22. Web.
5. Kratzing, Caroline. “Pre-operative Nutrition and Carbohydrate Loading.” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 70.03 (2011): 311-15. Web.